Oracle 12c中文乱码,修改字符集的方法

2/13/2017来源:SQL技巧人气:2781

Oracle 12c中文乱码,修改字符集的方法

Windows 7 64位上安装Oracle 12c没有设定字符集,采用的是操作系统默认字符集:WE8MSWIN1252,将字符集修改为:ZHS16GBK。由于过程不可逆,首先需要备份数据库。 1.数据库全备

2.查询当前字符集 SQL> select * from nls_database_parameters where parameter=’NLS_CHARACTERSET’; PARAMETER VALUE


NLS_CHARACTERSET WE8ISO8859P1 3.关闭数据库

SQL> shutdown immediate Database closed. Database dismounted. ORACLE instance shut down. 4.启动数据库到mount状态

复制代码 SQL> startup mount ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 205520896 bytes Fixed Size 1266608 bytes Variable Size 100666448 bytes Database Buffers 100663296 bytes Redo Buffers 2924544 bytes Database mounted. 复制代码 5.限制session

SQL> alter system enable restricted session; System altered. 6.查询相关参数并修改 复制代码 SQL> show parameter job_queue_PRocesses; NAME TYPE VALUE


job_queue_processes integer 10

SQL> show parameter aq_tm_processes; NAME TYPE VALUE


aq_tm_processes integer 0

SQL> alter system set job_queue_processes=0; System altered. 复制代码 7.打开数据库 SQL> alter database open; Database altered. 8.修改字符集 SQL> alter database character set ZHS16GBK; alter database character set ZHS16GBK * ERROR at line 1: ORA-12712: new character set must be a superset of old character set 出现错误提示,新字符集必须是老字符集的超集,也就原来字符集是新字符集的子集,可以再Oracle官方文档上查询字符集包含关系。下面使用Oracle内部命令internal_use,跳过超集检查,生产环境不建议使用此方法。 SQL> alter database character set internal_use ZHS16GBK; Database altered. 9.查询当前字符集 SQL> select * from nls_database_parameters where parameter=’NLS_CHARACTERSET’; PARAMETER VALUE


NLS_CHARACTERSET ZHS16GBK 10.关闭数据库 SQL> shutdown immediate Database closed. Database dismounted. ORACLE instance shut down. 11.启动数据库到mount状态 复制代码 SQL> startup mount ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 205520896 bytes Fixed Size 1266608 bytes Variable Size 100666448 bytes Database Buffers 100663296 bytes Redo Buffers 2924544 bytes Database mounted. 复制代码 12.将相关参数改回原来值 SQL> alter system set job_queue_processes=10; System altered. 13.打开数据库 SQL> alter database open; Database altered.

在windows 7 64位上安装Oracle 12c没有设定字符集,采用的是操作系统默认字符集:WE8MSWIN1252,将字符集修改为:ZHS16GBK。由于过程不可逆,首先需要备份数据库。 1.数据库全备

2.查询当前字符集 SQL> select * from nls_database_parameters where parameter=’NLS_CHARACTERSET’; PARAMETER VALUE


NLS_CHARACTERSET WE8ISO8859P1 3.关闭数据库

SQL> shutdown immediate Database closed. Database dismounted. ORACLE instance shut down. 4.启动数据库到mount状态

复制代码 SQL> startup mount ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 205520896 bytes Fixed Size 1266608 bytes Variable Size 100666448 bytes Database Buffers 100663296 bytes Redo Buffers 2924544 bytes Database mounted. 复制代码 5.限制session

SQL> alter system enable restricted session; System altered. 6.查询相关参数并修改 复制代码 SQL> show parameter job_queue_processes; NAME TYPE VALUE


job_queue_processes integer 10

SQL> show parameter aq_tm_processes; NAME TYPE VALUE


aq_tm_processes integer 0

SQL> alter system set job_queue_processes=0; System altered. 复制代码 7.打开数据库 SQL> alter database open; Database altered. 8.修改字符集 SQL> alter database character set ZHS16GBK; alter database character set ZHS16GBK * ERROR at line 1: ORA-12712: new character set must be a superset of old character set 出现错误提示,新字符集必须是老字符集的超集,也就原来字符集是新字符集的子集,可以再Oracle官方文档上查询字符集包含关系。下面使用Oracle内部命令internal_use,跳过超集检查,生产环境不建议使用此方法。 SQL> alter database character set internal_use ZHS16GBK; Database altered. 9.查询当前字符集 SQL> select * from nls_database_parameters where parameter=’NLS_CHARACTERSET’; PARAMETER VALUE


NLS_CHARACTERSET ZHS16GBK 10.关闭数据库 SQL> shutdown immediate Database closed. Database dismounted. ORACLE instance shut down. 11.启动数据库到mount状态 复制代码 SQL> startup mount ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 205520896 bytes Fixed Size 1266608 bytes Variable Size 100666448 bytes Database Buffers 100663296 bytes Redo Buffers 2924544 bytes Database mounted. 复制代码 12.将相关参数改回原来值 SQL> alter system set job_queue_processes=10; System altered. 13.打开数据库 SQL> alter database open; Database altered.